Dyslexia is defined as:
- 'Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling.
- Characteristic features of dyslexia are difficulties in phonological awareness, verbal memory and verbal processing speed.
- Dyslexia occurs across the range of intellectual abilities.
- A good indication of the severity and persistence of dyslexic difficulties can be gained by examining how the individual responds or has responded to well-founded intervention.'
The programme is aimed at increasing reading and spelling using high frequency words. These words are grouped by selecting those that visually look different to each other.
The programme addresses the gaps in phonics knowledge by drawing pupils’ attention to the make-up of words as they break up the target word.
TOE by TOE
‘In very simple terms, Toe By Toe gives people with reading difficulties the ability to read’ is the statement according to their website.
Toe By Toe is a decoding book; it is widely recognized that the inability to ‘decode’ text is the main barrier to fluent reading. Children who struggle to read fluently have difficulty in reading unfamiliar words confidently and accurately. Toe by Toe enables students learn to convert letters (or groups of letters – words) into the appropriate sounds.
Memory Fix Intervention:
Many children diagnosed with dyslexia or identified as having dyslexic traits have difficulties with their memory and retention of information.
Memory Fix is a collection of short, focused activities, which addresses a specific aspect of memory. The programme helps children to develop strategies to improve their short term and develops strategies to transfer these skills to the classroom context.